A Generation Method of Synthetic Images with Reduced Domain Gap for Car Demain Gap for Car Detection

Yu Huangfu;Weiwen Deng;Bingtao Ren;Juan Ding

标题:A Generation Method of Synthetic Images withReduced Domain Gap for Car Detection

作者单位:School of Transportation Science & EngineeringBeihang University;PanoSim Technology Company


Proceedings of the 5th CAA International Conference on Vehicular Control, 2021

摘要:Deep learning has become the main way of the object detection task for autonomous vehicles. Meanwhile, this method typically requires vast amounts of training data to reach their full potential. However, collecting the data from real world and labeling manually is an expensive, time-consuming and error-prone process. Synthetic image has the potential to replace real image for training neural networks, because image creation and labeling annotations are free in this way. For the network trained by synthetic images, the reality gap between real and synthetic images is the main obstacle to use it in the real world. And most previous works are only devoted to generate synthetic images with a good performance on model training, but lack of analysis of the domain gap that affects the performance. This work designs a method of generating the real and synthetic images to analyze and reduce the reality gap between synthetic and real images for car detection. Firstly, this work put one single car with no-background in a random background image to generate real single car and synthetic single car images. In order to further reduce the domain gap in content level, this method keeps the car distribution in synthetic images is similar with the distribution of car in real world. For the purpose of reducing the domain gap in appearance level, the parameters of camera model are same as the camera parameters of image collecting cars and the image is rendered by using the PBRT(Physically Based Ray Tracing)when we generated the synthetic images. Secondly, by training the neural network of instance segmentation with different datasets,the across validation result proves that the reality gap between synthetic and real images is no more than the domain gap between real images. Thirdly, the training results of datasets with different samples diversity show that the diversity of the samples yields better generalization between different datasets for car detection which can effectively reduce the domain gap.

关键词:Autonomous vehicle, Synthetic image, Domaingap, PBRT, Car detection